Wayanad district stands on the southern top of the Deccan plateau and its chief glory is the majestic Western ghats with lofty ridges interspersed with dense forest, tangled jungles and deep valleys. The region was known as Mayakshetra (Maya's land) in the earliest records. British and Pazhassi Raja had fierce encounter I Wayanad. One important characteristic feature of this district is the large adivasi population, consisting mainly of Paniyas, Kurumas, Adiyars, Kurichyas, Ooralis, Kadans andKattunaikkans. 36% of population is adivasis. Wayanad has a small jain community consisting of Gowders who came from Karnataka.
Head quarters: Kalpetta, Area: 2132 sq km, Population: 780,619, Literacy: 85.25%
Taluks: Vythiri, Sulthan Bathery, Mananthavady
Block panchayaths: Kalpetta, Sulthan Bathery, Mananthavady
Assembly: Mananthavady, Sulthan Bathery, Kalpetta
Kabani, Panamaram river, Mananthavady river and Thirunelli river
Wayanad has a salubrious climate. The mean average rain fall in this district is 2322 mm. Lakkidi, Vythiri and Meppadi are the high rainfall areas in Wayanad. High velocity winds are common during the south west monsoon and dry winds blow in March-April. High altitude regions experience severe cold.
Chembra Peak, Edakkal Cave, Kuruva Island, Lakkidi, Muthanga Wild Life Sanctuary, Pakshipathalam, Pazhassi Raja Tomb, Pookot Lake, Sentinel Rock Waterfalls, Kanthanpara Waterfalls, Soochippara Waterfalls, Banasura sagar Dam.
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Air: Calicut international air port (82km)
Rail: The district is not connected by rail network. Nearest railway station is Kozhikode.
Kozhikode – Bangalore: Vythiri – Kalpetta - Sultan’s Battery – Muthanga - Gundalpet - Mysore(NH212)(Night travel not allowed)
Kozhikode – Bangalore: Manathavadi - Kutta- Mysore (Night travel allowed)
Kozhikode – Ooty : Meppadi – Gudalur
Kalpetta – Madikeri: Manathavadi- Kutta
Chembra Peak - 17 , Neelimala View Point - 27 , Meenmutty Falls - 29, Chethalayam Falls - 37 . Pakshipathalam - 71, Banasura Sagar Dam - 24, Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary - 42, Tholpetty Wildlife Sanctuary - 59, Jain Temple - 24, Edakkal Caves - 28, Wayanad Heritage Museum - 25, Muniyara - 27, Uravu - 12, Chain Tree - 16, Pallikkunnu Church - 19, Korome Mosque - 47, Paingatteri Agraharam - 28, Pazhassi Raja's Tomb - 35, Valliyoorkav Bhagavathi Temple - 24, Seetha Lava-Kusha Temple - 50, Thrissilery Shiva Temple - 50, Thirunelli Temple - 64, Papanasini, Thirunelli - 64, Jain Temple (Ruined) - 20, Pookode Lake - 15, Sentinel Rock Falls - 23, Kanthanpara Falls - 22, Sunrise Valley - 22, RARS - 25, Phantom Rock - 26, Karapuzha Dam - 40, Pazhassi Park - 33, Kuruva Island - 40, Karalad Lake - 16, Kozhikode - 68, Bangalore - 287