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Thiruvananthapuram

 


Thiru-v-anantha-puram is a three sylable name meaning the abode of the sacred snake god 'Anantha'. Lord Vishnu of the ancient Indian mytholgy rests on this huge serpent.

This city and district are also popularly known by its anglicised name Trivandrum

Location

Thiruvananthapuram , the southern most district of Kerala state is situated between north latitudes 8º 17' and 8º 54' and east longitudes 76º 41' and 77º 17'. The southern most extremity, 'Parasala' is 56 kms away from Kanyakumari, the 'land's end of India'. The district stretches along the shores of the Arabian sea for a distance of 78 kms.

Kollam district is on the north and Thirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamilnadu are on the east and south respectively. The district can be divided into three geographical regions - highlands, midlands and lowlands.

Chirayinkeezhu and Thiruvananthapuram taluks lie in the midland and lowland regions while Nedumangad lies in the midland and highland regions. Neyyatinkara taluk stretches over all the three regions.

Climate

The large forest reserves favourably affect the climate and induce rain in the district. It is cool in the mountain ranges and hot in the plains. Humidity is high and rises to 90 percent during the south-west monsoon. The district gets rainfall from both the south-west monsoon and the north-east monsoon.The south-west monsoon starts by June and fades out by September. The north-east monsoon starts in October. During the months of April and May , the mean daily maximum temperature rises to 35º celsius and in December-January it may go down to 20º celsius.

Roads

The N.H.47 stretches from Parassala at the southern extremity to Paripally in the north, covering a distance of 80kms within the district. The State Highway (MC Road) covers a distance of 55Kms and passes through Kesavadaspuram, Vembayam, Venjaramoodu , Kilimanoor and Nilamel in the north. PWD maintains about 1552 kms of road in the district. Local bodies maintain 9500 kms of road.

Bridges

There are 116 bridges in Thiruvananthapuram District.

Power

All the villages in the district have been electrified. These come under two circles of the KSEB. One in the city and one at Kattakada.

Air Links

Trivandrum is a very highly connected city, with one international and one domestic terminal. The Airport is by the beach and only 6 Kms from the center of town. The runways can accomodate Airbusses and Jumbo Jets. There are regular flights to and from the city.

Rail Links

Trivandrum is well connected to the rest of the coutry by Broad Guage Line. 82 Kms of Rail Lines Pass through the district.

Administartion

District Administartion

The head-quaters of the district administartion is at Vanchiyur, Thiruvananthapuram, just 1.5Kms away from the Government Secretariat and the Central railway station. The district administartion is headed by the District Collector. He is assisted by six Deputy Collectors holding charges of general matters, land acquisition, revenue recovery, land reforms and election.

The District Collector also holds the charge of the District Magistrate and is assisted by the Additional District Magistrate and the Revenue Divisional Officer. The district has only one revenue division.

There are four taluks, namely Thiruvananthapuram, Neyyatinkara, Nedumangadu and Chirayinkeezhu, each headed by a tahsildar. There are 116 villages in the district.

District Panchayat

Thiruvananthapuram district has 84 grama panchayats, 12 block panchayats, one district panchayat, four muncipalities and one corporation. The District Panchayat president is also chairman of the district rural development agency and the district planning committee.

Parliamentary / Assembly constituencies

There are two Parliamentary and 14 Assembly constituencies in the district.

Tourist Attractions

Thiruvananthapuram and its famous beaches are one of the top tourist destination of Tourists in Inida. It is the capital city of Kerala, the 'God's own Country'. Thiruvananthapuram is well connected by air, rail and road. There are air links to almost all the countries in the Gulf, besides being well connected to the rest of India. South East Asia is connected through a daily air-link to Singapore.

Thiruvananthapuram is a Railway Division office and an important Railway Station. There are daily trains to Delhi, Bombay, Chennai, and Bangalore and local train services to all points in Kerala.

Shree Padhmanabhaswamy temple

Shree Padhmanabhaswamy temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu is held sacred by the Hindus from antiquity. The temple has a large complex with a huge gopuram. It has a tank beside it for ritual bathing

Kovalam

Kovalam is 12kms to the south of Thiruvananthapuram and is one of the finest beaches in India. It has been developed into an integrated seaside resort. The beach complex has many hotels, cottages, yoga centres etc.

Vizhinjam About 2kms south of Kovalam, it is believed to be an ancient port. The Dutch and Portugese had commercial establishments here. It is being developed as a modern fishing harbour.

Ponmudi A pleasant resort at an elevation of 912m above sea level. It is 61 kms from Thiruvananthapuram and connected by road. There are many tree and rubber estates around the hills.

Veli lagoon The boat club attracts tourists by providing facilities for pedal boating , row boating , swimming on the placid waters of the veli lake.

The Kanakakunnu Palace This palace in the heart of Trivandrum city is one of the most beautiful buildings. The palace and its sprawling grounds are today the venue for many cultural meets. The Museum building is an architectural splendour. The napier museum, the natural history museum, the reptile house and the Shri Chitra Art Gallery are in the same complex amidst a well laid out garden and park.

The Science and Technology museum, the Government Secretariat, the Kowdiar palace, the Senate house, are some of the other tourist attractions in the city.

Places easily accessible from Trivandrum

Kanyakumari , the land's end of India is only 87kms from Trivandrum. Also known as Cape Comorin, this beautiful spot is in the neighbouring Tamilnadu state.

Varkala is a pilgrim centre for the devotees of Sree Narayana Guru, one of the patron saints of Kerala, whose motto was 'One God, One Religion, One Caste'. It is only 51kms from Trivandrum by road and also boasts of one of the best beaches in the State.
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